Do you recognise the big white circle that appears in the sky at night? Has a different shape every month? Yes, that is called ‘the moon’. Because they didn’t know other moons existed, they simply called it ‘the moon’. Until Galileo Galilei discovered them.The moon is a natural satellite that orbits around the earth.
The moon has been discovered for many years now. It is very close to earth and is supposedly an important light. But it doesn’t have a light of its own. It reflects light of from the sun so it looks like the moons natural light. Without the moons light and the moon itself the climate change of the earth would be unstable. If anything the moon is used as a source of light. Additionally the moon provides light for animals breeding. Unfortunately the moon is not as bright as the sun so the moon isn’t visible during daytime.
The Phases of the moon is the different ways the moon looks like in a month. While the moon orbits the earth half of the moon that faces the sun will be lit up. The side that is lit up can be visible from earth and is known as the phases of the moon. The phase is the angle of the moon so its appearance is different everyday. There are 8 major phases the moon goes through. The new moon, a crescent moon, the first quarter moon, waxing gibbous moon, full moon, a waning gibbous moon, the last quarter moon, a waning crescent moon and an old moon.
The word tides is a term used to define the sea rise and fall of sea level which are caused by the moon and sometimes the sun. Tides were created because the Earth and the moon were attracted to each other, just like magnets are. The moon tries anything to try and pull the Earth closer but the Earth is able to withstand everything except for the water. Because the water is always moving, Earth isn’t able to hold onto it causing the moon to pull on the water. That is why there is a high a low tide during the day.
Children's fairy tales from all around the world tells us that the moon is made of cheese but in reality, it is most likely to be made out of rocks. The moon's surface is covered with dead volcanoes, impact craters and lava flows. The surface of the moon was formed my pools of hardened lava. As asteroids collide with the surface it can capture imprints (such as Neil Armstrong’s famous footprint) that turn out very detailed. Because there is no wind on the moon imprints can stay there forever.
In conclusion, the moon is no doubt a weird and remarkable planet/place. It is a source of light and a gift to earth. Some would say an extraordinary place.